How to Ping an IP Address

How to Ping an IP Address. The ability to ping an IP address is vital to network troubleshooting. Ping utilizes the ICMP ECHO protocol and simply sends a packet to a specified destination. The packet that is sent is called an ECHO_REQUEST. If the target destination is reachable, it will generate an ECHO_REPLY and send it back. When the ECHO_REPLY is received, connectivity between two hosts on a network is verified.

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Open a terminal session on your Linux PC by clicking on the terminal icon at the bottom bar or clicking on the "Home" button and looking for "Xterm."

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Once in the terminal, type "ping"; do not press "Enter."

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Press the spacebar and input any options you want to enable; do not press "Enter." These options can specify exactly how the packet travels the network.

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Press the spacebar and input the destination IP address. This is the IP address of the host with which you want to verify connectivity.

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Press "Enter" to initiate the "Ping" command.

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Press "CTRL+C" to end the ping and view a summary of the results.