How to Make Coefficients in Microsoft Word

In any equation that includes a variable, a number multiplied by a variable is called a coefficient. For example, in "2x + 3 = 6," "2" is the coefficient of "x." Although you can type simple equations like this example directly into a Word document, the formatting gets messy when you enter complicated equations or multiple lines in a math problem. To align the coefficients in your equations or to enter binomial coefficients, use the insert equation feature.

Math Concept
A variable with no written coefficient has an effective coefficient of "1."
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Requirements to Insert Equations

Since Office 2007, Word has included a built-in method for typing equations and no longer requires the installation of Equation Editor. Using the new method requires you to work in a DOCX document rather than the old DOC format from Word 2003 and earlier. To update an existing DOC file to work with the insert equation feature, open it, click "File," "Convert" and "OK" and then save the file. Working with equations also requires Visual Basic for Applications, an optional feature offered during Office installation. If you receive an error message about macro support when trying to make an equation, rerun the Office installer to add VBA.

Writing Equations With Coefficients

Press "Alt-Equals" or click "Insert" and then "Equation" to start a new equation in Word. To enter a simple one-line equation, just start typing the characters exactly as they appear. For equations that require formatting, pick a format from the menus on the Design tab, such as "Fraction," and Word will insert blank boxes in the selected format. Click on each box in turn to enter a coefficient followed by a variable. After finishing, press "Enter" to end the equation or press "Shift-Enter" to move on to another equation.

Aligning Multiple Equations

When you type more than one equation, the lines do not automatically align, making it difficult to visualize the entire math problem. To align equations along the equals sign, select all the equations, right-click on one and pick "Align at =." When you're working with multiple variables with coefficients, it sometimes helps to align the coefficients on matching variables instead of the equals signs. Working on one line at a time, highlight the operator directly after the coefficient you want aligned, right-click it and pick "Align at this Character." You might need to pick a different operator on each line to get the alignment you want. For example, if you want to line up the coefficients of "x" in the equations "x^2 + 2x = 5" and "4x + 2 = 10," pick the equals sign on the first line and the plus sign on the second line as the alignment characters.

Entering Binomial Coefficients

Word includes an equation template for typing binomial coefficients, a different type of coefficient that represents a number of unordered outcomes from a set of possibilities. After creating a blank equation, open the "Bracket" menu on the Design tab and scroll down to the Common Brackets section. Click on one of the binomial coefficient designs, which look like the letters "n" over "k" inside either a round or angled bracket. If your equation requires specific numbers in place of the "n" or "k," click on a letter to select it, press "Delete" and enter a number in its place.