Microprocessor Advantages & Disadvantages

Microprocessor is defined as a silicon chip embedded with a Central Processing Unit or CPU. It is also referred to as a computer's logic chip, micro chip, and processor.

Electronic circuit board with processor
Microprocessor (in the focus) on a circuit board.
credit: Volodymyr Krasyuk/iStock/Getty Images


The function of a Microprocessor is to conduct arithmetic and logic operations.


One advantage of a Microprocessor is its speed, which is measured in hertz. For instance, a Microprocessor with 3 gigahertz, shortly GHz, is capable of performing 3 billion tasks per second.

Data Movement

Another advantage of a Microprocessor is that it can quickly move data between the various memory locations.

Complex Mathematics

Microprocessors are used to perform complicated mathematical operations, like operating on the floating point numbers.


Some of the disadvantages with the Microprocessor are that it might get over-heated, and the limitation it imposes on the size of data.