Microprocessor is defined as a silicon chip embedded with a Central Processing Unit or CPU. It is also referred to as a computer's logic chip, micro chip, and processor.
The function of a Microprocessor is to conduct arithmetic and logic operations.
One advantage of a Microprocessor is its speed, which is measured in hertz. For instance, a Microprocessor with 3 gigahertz, shortly GHz, is capable of performing 3 billion tasks per second.
Another advantage of a Microprocessor is that it can quickly move data between the various memory locations.
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Microprocessors are used to perform complicated mathematical operations, like operating on the floating point numbers.
Some of the disadvantages with the Microprocessor are that it might get over-heated, and the limitation it imposes on the size of data.