What Is Computer Hardware Maintenance?

By Elizabeth Burns

Computer hardware maintenance involves taking care of the computer's physical components, such as its keyboard, hard drive and internal CD or DVD drives. Cleaning the computer, keeping its fans free from dust, and defragmenting its hard drives regularly are all parts of a computer hardware maintenance program.


Maintaining hardware helps to extend the computer's lifespan. It helps to prevent wear and tear, and keeps the system functioning smoothly.

System Maintenance

Keep your system functioning smoothly by managing hard drive space, scanning for system errors and regularly defragmenting the hard drive. Virus protection is also important, as some viruses can interfere with computer hardware.

Physical Maintenance

Keeping computers away from dust and dirt, keeping them clean and avoiding extreme temperature changes all help to maintain hardware, according to Gateway.com. Keep liquids away from the computer. Brainbell.com says that solvents should never be used to clean a computer; rather, you should wipe the monitor and keyboard regularly with a soft cloth.