Tables in Word 2013 look similar to cells in an Excel spreadsheet, but unlike Excel, you can't start a formula simply by typing an equals sign. Word's formulas can also use a different notation, referring to sets of numbers by their relative position. To add table cells using the SUM function, insert a formula from the Layout tab.

## Sum Cells in a Table

## Step 1: Start a Formula

Click the target cell in your table, open the **Layout** tab and click **Formula** in the Data section.

### Tip

You won't see the Layout tab until you click a cell in the table.

## Step 2: Sum an Entire Direction

Write a formula using the function **=SUM** to add cells. When you first open the formula window, Word defaults to the formula **=SUM(ABOVE)**. If you want to add all cells above the selected cell, you don't need to change anything. To add cells from a different direction, change the formula to **=SUM(BELOW)**, **=SUM(LEFT)** or **=SUM(RIGHT)**.

### Tip

To add cells from two directions, write both separated by a comma, such as **=SUM(ABOVE,BELOW)**.

## Step 3: Change the Number Format

Choose a number format, if needed. Without a number format selected, the formula's result appears without any formatting, akin to Excel's "General" formatting. Most of the time, you don't need to use a format. Word also lets you write your own format using the same system as in Excel. Click **OK** to finish the formula.

## Step 4: Sum Specific Cells

Refer to cell locations in a SUM function to add specific cells rather than an entire direction. Even though Word doesn't display row and column headings like Excel, it uses the same terminology: rows use numbers and columns use letters. For example, to add the cell three to the right, three down, and the cell below it, use the formula **=SUM(C3:C4)**.

### Tip

The Paste Function menu provides a shortcut for adding new functions to the formula. Because Word inserts the SUM function as soon as you open the window, you don't need to use it for this task.

## Insert an Excel Spreadsheet

Another way to add cells in a Word document is to insert an Excel spreadsheet. Click **Table** on the Insert tab, as if inserting a table, but instead of choosing a table size, click **Excel Spreadsheet**. Inserted spreadsheets work exactly like spreadsheets in Excel, allowing you to simply type the function **=SUM** in the desired cell.

### Tip

Inserted spreadsheets support all of Excel's functions, whereas Word has a much smaller selection of functions.