How to Unzip a File

By Aaron Parson

Both Windows and Mac OS X can extract zipped archives, giving you access to the documents compressed within.

Whether you have a Word document, Excel workbook, MP3 song, a video or any other type of file or files contained in a ZIP file that you or someone else created, the process of extraction is the same. All recent versions of both Windows and Mac OS X include the ability to unzip archives without any additional software, but programs are available specifically for this job.

Open ZIP Archives in Windows

Double-click a ZIP file in Windows to open it. Windows displays ZIP archives as if they were folders, but if you're using the Details view mode, you'll see a few unique columns including Compressed Size and Password Protected.

Extract All Files in Windows

Click Extract All in the Extract tab to unzip the entire archive at once. (In Windows 7, the button is labeled Extract All Files instead.) Alternatively, right-click the ZIP file itself and choose Extract All. Whichever method you use, you'll reach the same window.

Windows Extract All dialog box


To preview a file in a ZIP archive without extracting it to another folder, double-click it. If you need to edit the file, however, you should extract it first.

Unzip Files on a Mac

Mac OS X makes the process even simpler than Windows. In either Mavericks or Yosemite, just double-click a ZIP file to extract its contents into the same folder as the ZIP file. If the ZIP file contains multiple files, OS X places them in a folder bearing the ZIP file's name. After unzipping, you can delete the ZIP file without losing the extracted files.

OS X ZIP files

Alternative Programs

If you work with ZIP files frequently and don't like your system's built-in utility, or you need to create password-protected ZIP files in Windows, install another compression application. Two of the most popular options for Windows are WinRAR and WinZip, both shareware programs. For a completely free, though not quite as user-friendly option, try 7-Zip instead. These programs also support additional formats that Windows can't open on its own, including RAR and 7Z.

7-Zip File Manager