What Are the Two Main Parts of an HTML Document?

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The two main parts of an HTML document are the head and the body. Each section contains specific information. The head section contains information that is useful to the Web browser and search engines but is not visible to the reader. The body section contains the information that you want the visitor to see. The document is specifically formatted so that Web browsers are able to parse the information and present it to the visitor correctly.

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Structure of an HTML document

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An HTML document must be formatted correctly to be read by a Web browser. The following is a general outline of a typical HTML document:

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Information for Web browser and search engines Contents visible to reader

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Both the tags and the tags are contained within the main tag. Both sections must be terminated with the "</>" characters for the document to be read.

Head Contents

The head section of the document contains the site's title, keywords for search engines, scripts and the location of a cascading style sheet that should be used in formatting the page. Typical HTML tags used in the head section include the , <link>, <style>, <meta> and <script> tags.</p> </div><div class="component-article-section-inline-ad"><div class="inline-ad inline-ad--mobile-critical"><p class="inline-ad__label ui-label"> Advertisement </p> <div class="inline-ad__wrapper inline-ad__wrapper_tall"><div id="slot1-3" data-ad-path="/6117/dmd.techwalla.mw/slot1-3" data-ad-batch="2" data-ad-targeting="{"loc":"ad_3"}" data-ad-sizes="[[300,250],[320,50],[320,100]]" data-ad-bidding="true" data-ad-breakpoint="small" data-ad-type="gpt" class="component-ad-gpt ad slot ad-mobile "></div> <!----></div></div></div><div class="component-article-section-content article-section-content"><p>The <title> tag defines the title of the document. 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She worked in information systems for the State of Tennessee for 13 years, including several years as a help desk manager.","https:\u002F\u002Fs3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com\u002Fcontentlab.studiod\u002Fprofile\u002F2\u002F15\u002F89c3fa595845408e942df1c2e6e0ced2","https:\u002F\u002Fs3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com\u002Fcontentlab.studiod\u002Fgetty\u002Fc90c22a1ab074db49e5f2944abee5062.jpg","Close up of businesswoman working on laptop","If you need to insert an appendix, Word makes it fairly easy. Just start a new page at the end of your document and insert a title marking it as the Appendix. Then put your information below that title, adding to it as you write your document. 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He is editor of the \"Dark Light\" anthology to benefit Ronald McDonald House Charities.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F8\u002F2\u002F58a52458-942f-4dae-9232-7649a9a682c7.Small.jpg","http:\u002F\u002Fphotos.demandstudios.com\u002Fgetty\u002Farticle\u002F129\u002F61\u002F78634335.jpg","Businesswoman using laptop computer","Microsoft Word is a word processor used for the creation of everything from simple letters to complex book manuscripts and other document types. When you create a Word file, Word stores not only the date the file was created, but the most recent time the file was accessed as well as other information.","valid XML","website code comments","comment bracket XML",11090,"How to Comment out a Line in XML","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-comment-out-a-line-in-xml","Elizabeth Mott","Elizabeth Mott has been a writer since 1983. Mott has extensive experience writing advertising copy for everything from kitchen appliances and financial services to education and tourism. She holds a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts in English from Indiana State University.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F6\u002F10\u002F265c72ab-aac2-4d47-8af4-07f67c04ea4a.Small.jpg","https:\u002F\u002Fs3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com\u002Fcontentlab.studiod\u002Fgetty\u002F6f518542a29c473cba62cdca38c57790.jpg","Programmer working with program code","Whether you need to explain your code or omit it so you can test some other code, there will be times you need to make a comment in XML. You can make a single-line comment or even comment out a whole section and code using a combination of a less-than symbol, exclamation point and dashes.","Scribus how to","open PDF Scribus","PDF to Scribus",12022,"How to Convert a PDF to Scribus","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-convert-a-pdf-to-scribus","Tammy Clevenger","Tammy Clevenger works in the I.T. industry while maintaining creative outlets through film making, writing and audio production. She is a published academic author and is an accomplished and certified Project Management Professional. ","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F3\u002F9\u002F43ea4dfb-20ad-4403-995d-179c85c1e01e.Small.jpg","Scribus is an open source page layout application that may be downloaded from Scribus.net. Scribus is very versatile and can handle many page layout document types. There is no need to convert PDF files to another file type for Scribus.","Word insert footnotes","Word 2010 footnotes","Word footnote references",18498,"How to Footnote a Table","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-footnote-a-table","Kathryn Hatashita-Lee","Kathryn Hatashita-Lee has written articles and shot images for various publications. Her first children's story appeared in \"Winds Through Time\" (1998). She earned a B.A. in history at the University of British Columbia and a B.F.A. in photography at the Emily Carr Institute of Art + Design. ","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F10\u002F15\u002Fbac7644c-6cb1-4b37-bf46-cd5be5f7b7a9.Small.jpg","http:\u002F\u002Fphotos.demandstudios.com\u002Fgetty\u002Farticle\u002F165\u002F81\u002F78524093.jpg","Microsoft Word 2010 can insert footnotes to include documentation information or comments at the bottom of a page. The footnote contains a note reference mark, such as “1,” and the footnote text under a separator line. The “References” tab includes commands that can footnote a layout element, such as a table.","new window","open link","new tab","Group 3",23664,"How to Open a Hyperlink","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-open-a-hyperlink","Diana Braun","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_ehow_com\u002Fphotos.demandstudios.com\u002F51\u002F21\u002Ffotolia_3941402_XS.jpg","A hyperlink (link) is a reference to a document, image, video, website or any other outside resource a reader can click on to find more information. Hyperlinks are often embedded in emails, web pages, PowerPoint presentations, Word docs and more.",400,"techwalla","Online Safety","Education","shop","https:\u002F\u002Fstorage.leafmedia.io\u002Ftechwalla_data\u002Ffiles\u002Fe45b98b0-4e12-4f2b-b7d3-5df8322f2002-shop.png","Technically for Parents","#FFFFFF","Reviews","2011-08-29T13:03:00+00:00","\u002Farticles\u002Fwhat-are-the-two-main-parts-of-an-html-document","58a7332f1a1f550011702bb8","Group 9",30240,"How to Style a Form Label With CSS","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-style-a-form-label-with-css","Techwalla Team","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_ehow_com\u002Fi.ehow.com\u002Fimages\u002Fa04\u002Fje\u002F2v\u002Fstyle-form-label-css-800x800.jpg","How to Style a Form Label With CSS. A form element that is used to label the various fields and input areas on a web page form is the label element. It can be styled using Cascading Style Sheet rules.",7,"reference Merck Index","reference particular style","APA Chicago MLA",10681,"How to Cite the Merck Index","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-cite-the-merck-index","Joshua Laud","Joshua Laud started writing professionally in 2008. During his three years at University he worked freelance for various music publications including \"Clash Magazine\" and \"total:spec,\" and online Data Transmission and Music is Art. Laud also specializes in technology writing. He has a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from the University of London.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F13\u002F0\u002Fede70644-83e5-4f85-b06c-b788eb817286.Small.jpg","If you are writing an academic essay or research report, then you will be required to reference your sources in the correct citation style. This will depend on your subject and the college you're enrolled in. Many standard citation styles are available to you, each with slightly different formats.",8,"blog web page","html blog","create a blog","Group 4",21567,"How to Make a Blog in HTML","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-make-a-blog-in-html","Michelle Norton","Native of Colorado and single mom, I’ve been designing websites for over 16 years. I am fluent in HTML, CSS and web standards. I work with Wordpress, Drupal, and other content management systems. I have extensive social media experience and have been integrating analytics, web sites and social media for years. I have designed for non-profits, corporations and artists. Give me a text editor and code to write and I’m content.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F0\u002F14\u002Fd019e120-e9c1-485c-9ee7-e6a61a57697b.Small.jpg","Creating a blog in HTML is a simple way to have a blog you can update in any text editor. Blogs have several elements in common that are easily produced in basic HTML. Each blog post should appear above the last, have a title, date and content.",9,"make website marquee","add website ticker","make website ticker","add website marquee","Group 6",22217,"How to Make a Ticker for Your Website","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-make-a-ticker-for-your-website","Craig Witt","Craig Witt has written professionally since 2005 in the public and private sectors as a journalist, marketing copywriter and public relations professional. He most often writes consumer software and hardware how-to articles for eHow. Witt has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from the University of Washington.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F1\u002F3\u002F2186f813-e6d4-4f1d-b3b8-724111ce403c.Small.jpg","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_ehow_com\u002Fphotos.demandstudios.com\u002F236\u002F134\u002Ffotolia_3216064_XS.jpg","Also known as marquees, tickers scroll across the width of a viewing screen, presenting messages designed to be viewed and understood at a glance. Commonly used on television to display news highlights or stock market data, tickers sometimes appear on the Web as well.","Word jump links","add Word links","insert Word links","create Word links","Word document links",13432,"How to Create a Link to Another Part of a Document in Word","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-create-a-link-to-another-part-of-a-document-in-word","Filonia LeChat","While the idea of a Microsoft Word document may be something a person opens and reads from start to finish, Word offers ways to make the document come more alive.",11,"line spacing website","line spacing HTML","line height HTML",25692,"How to Reduce the Spacing Between Lines in HTML","\u002Farticles\u002Fhow-to-reduce-the-spacing-between-lines-in-html","Richard Graham","Richard Graham has worked professionally as both an economist and educator since 2007. He also works as a consultant to small businesses and organizations focused on developing green technologies. Graham holds a Bachelor of Science in economics.","http:\u002F\u002Fs3.amazonaws.com\u002Fcme_public_images\u002Fwww_demandstudios_com\u002Fsitelife.studiod.com\u002Fver1.0\u002FContent\u002Fimages\u002Fstore\u002F6\u002F14\u002F96ca5dd7-09c1-4dcb-8e2a-5f7fa08b2469.Small.png","https:\u002F\u002Fs3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com\u002Fcontentlab.studiod\u002Fgetty\u002Fcache.gettyimages.com\u002F279f985204f74f2b8577540951ddbb74.jpg","Using HTML makes it easy to create basic web pages and to control various attributes of these pages, including font, text size, color and line spacing. Reducing the spacing between lines can be useful if you need to condense a web page or to reduce white space for aesthetic reasons.",12,"Techwalla","https:\u002F\u002Fwww.techwalla.com\u002Fabout","74.87","195x146","image","dfp","technically-for-parents","https:\u002F\u002Fstorage.leafmedia.io\u002Ftechwalla_data\u002Ffiles\u002Fb7b8ccba-d0d1-48f3-86d1-84cf61194db0-technicallyForParents.png","https:\u002F\u002Fstorage.leafmedia.io\u002Ftechwalla_data\u002Ffiles\u002F7583087e-6512-4b88-862a-64c6e3a2681f-techSupport.png","entertainment","https:\u002F\u002Fstorage.leafmedia.io\u002Ftechwalla_data\u002Ffiles\u002F1468ddc6-b0ea-4df5-acce-701710b4710f-entertainmentImage.png",{},"reviews","\u003Cp\u003EThe two main parts of an HTML document are the head and the body. Each section contains specific information. The head section contains information that is useful to the Web browser and search engines but is not visible to the reader. The body section contains the information that you want the visitor to see. The document is specifically formatted so that Web browsers are able to parse the information and present it to the visitor correctly.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","\u003Cp\u003EAn HTML document must be formatted correctly to be read by a Web browser. The following is a general outline of a typical HTML document:\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","\u003C!DOCTYPE\u003E \u003Chtml\u003E \u003Chead\u003E Information for Web browser and search engines \u003C\u002Fhead\u003E \u003Cbody\u003E Contents visible to reader \u003C\u002Fbody\u003E \u003C\u002Fhtml\u003E","\u003Cp\u003EBoth the \u003Chead\u003E tags and the \u003Cbody\u003E tags are contained within the main \u003Chtml\u003E tag. Both sections must be terminated with the "<\u002F>" characters for the document to be read.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","Structure of an HTML document","\u003Cp\u003EThe head section of the document contains the site's title, keywords for search engines, scripts and the location of a cascading style sheet that should be used in formatting the page. Typical HTML tags used in the head section include the \u003Ctitle\u003E, \u003Clink\u003E, \u003Cstyle\u003E, \u003Cmeta\u003E and \u003Cscript\u003E tags.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","\u003Cp\u003EThe \u003Ctitle\u003E tag defines the title of the document. The \u003Clink\u003E tag links an external resource, such as a CSS file, to the document. The \u003Cstyle\u003E tag defines document styles. The \u003Cmeta\u003E tag is used to define the author, keywords and description of the document. The \u003Cscript\u003E tag defines a script that is to be run on the visitor's computer. If the head section is not placed in the document, the contents of the document are still displayed by the browser.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","Head Contents","\u003Cp\u003EThe body section is used to format the actual Web page. Most of the HTML tags, such as the paragraph tag (\u003Cp\u003E), the anchor tag (\u003Ca\u003E), the headings tags (\u003Ch1\u003E to \u003Ch6\u003E) and the section tag (\u003Cdiv\u003E) are used in this section of the document. Server side scripts are also placed in this section of the document. If you do not have a body section in your HTML document, nothing is displayed in the Web browser.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","Body Contents","\u003Cp\u003EThe only thing not included between the \u003Chtml\u003E tags is the DOCTYPE declaration. If used, it should be the first line in the HTML document. It is used to tell the Web browser what version of HTML the document is using. The browser uses this declaration to render the page correctly. The DOCTYPE declaration can be ommitted, but the browser may not present your page correctly.\u003C\u002Fp\u003E\n","DOCTYPE","www.techwalla.com\u002Farticles\u002Fwhat-are-the-two-main-parts-of-an-html-document","The two main parts of an HTML document are the head and the body. Each section contains specific information. The head section contains information that is useful to the Web browser and search engines but is not visible to the reader. The body section contains the information that you want the visitor to see.","www.demandstudios.com\u002Fcontributor\u002F8329c089-06a1-45d5-b803-b25f77fd955c","votd",4,Array(3),90,640,Array(12),"\u002Fprivacy",/.(:?gov|org|edu)\//,Array(3),5000,3500,{},22000,450,700,1500,110,{},"popup",130,"250","300","People are Reading","number","RRV2",{},{},{},{},{},{},"https:\u002F\u002Fapi.techwalla.com","https:\u002F\u002Fapi.leafmedia.io","https:\u002F\u002Fwidgets.leafmedia.io\u002Fload.js","-2q6lR22TEKHFQk2kgDMtg",{},{},{},"sailthru",{},"1578283302422712",{},"Tech Reviews","Streaming",{},{},"800x380","290x535","195px","author",36,"heading","input",{},{},"Gift Guides","Tech Toys","Tech on a Budget","Gadgets","Cool Apps","Travel","Smartphones","What's Streaming","Social Media",{},"#404B51","#AA0A00","dark","opacity(1)",{},{},{},{},"master",{}));</script> <!-- Generated on: 5/23/2024 5:49:24 PM --> <!-- Version: 1.3.18 --> <!-- Branch: master --> </body> </html>