As a requirement, each computer or server has a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address, given usually in the decimal-dot form (e.g., 18.104.22.168). However, people mostly use computer or website names, which are associated with each numeric address, as it is easier to grasp and memorize. Nonetheless, it is a part of the Internet protocol to translate a name into an IP address and vice versa.
In Windows XP/Vista: Click "Start" and "Run." Then type "cmd" followed by pressing "Enter" to open MS-DOS shell window. Note: "Run" is only needed in Windows XP.
Type "ping <remote computer/website name>" followed by "Enter." Example: ping xrpent.ineos.ac.ru ping www.yahoo.com
Read the program output; the first line contains the remote IP address. Example: pinging xrpent.ineos.ac.ru [22.214.171.124] ...