How to Improve Disk Data Transfer Rate

By Gregory Hamel

Hard disk data transfer speed is how quickly a computer hard drive can receive, send or access information. Hard drives with faster data transfer speeds allow users to copy data more efficiently and may result in faster boot up, shut down and program launching times. Old hard drives that are full of data typically have slower data transfer and access times, which an result in sluggish performance. There are several ways to optimize hard drive function that can improve data access and transfer speed.

Step 1

Delete unnecessary files and programs. Drag and drop unnecessary files into the recycle bin, right click the bin and choose "Empty recycle bin. Click "Start," "Control Panel," "Programs and Features," select a program and click "Uninstall" or "Remove" to delete the program.

Step 2

Run Disk Cleanup. Click "Start," "All Programs," "Accessories," "System Tools," "Disk Cleanup," specify the drive to clean, check the boxes next to the types of files you want to delete from the list (temporary Internet files, temporary files, etc.) and click "OK." Click "Yes" when prompted.

Step 3

Defragment the hard drive. Click "Start," "All Programs," "Accessories," "System Tools," "Disk Defragmenter" and click the "Defragment Disk" button. Defragmenting can take a few hours.

Step 4

Turn off disk compression. Click "Start," "Computer," right click on your hard drive, choose "Properties," uncheck the box called "Compress this device to save disk space" and click "Apply."

Tips & Warnings

  • Solid state hard drives do not need to be defragmented.
  • Upgrading to a new hard drive may be the easiest way to achieve a large increase in disk data transfer speed.