Building a computer starts with the selection of a motherboard according to the type of components that the user wants the system to have. The type of motherboard also depends on the selected processor and the size of the computer.
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Selecting a Motherboard
Obtaining Other Computer Parts
Besides the motherboard, other parts needed to build a computer include the processor (CPU), RAM power supply if the computer case doesn't come with it and a video card. An optical drive, hard disk and operating system are also needed. Everything has to be compatible with the motherboard.
Grounding to Prevent Static Shocks
Most of the computer parts are sensitive to static shocks, so grounding with the use of a grounding bracelet is important. This is a device that should be worn around the wrist and connected to a copper pipe.
Installing the Processor
The microprocessor comes with a marked corner that is designed to align with a marked corner on the socket where it's supposed to be placed on the motherboard. The corners are aligned to install the processor into the designated socket. The processor is then cinched to put it securely in place.
Attaching the Heat Sink
The heat sink is mounted into the processor. The computer case already comes with a designated socket, so it will only require cinching with the use of flanges on its sides.
Inserting the RAM
The motherboard will have a slot for the RAM module, which is usually the one that is marked "one." The RAM module is pressed into this slot and its arm is rotated to get it locked down.
Securing the Motherboard Inside the Case
The faceplate for the motherboard is first inserted on the designated hole in the computer case. The plate is pressed into the slot until it clicks into place. The motherboard is aligned with the faceplate and then screwed into place.
Installing the Power Supply
If the computer case didn't come with the power supply, a separate unit is installed and screwed into the slot provided. The power supply is slid into the designated brackets with the wire side facing inside and the fan part outside. The leads to the motherboard are then connected through the designated slots.
Placing the Hard Drive into the Brackets
The hard drive is screwed into the removable bracket in the case. This is the one that usually comes with four rubber grommets on it that are aligned to the four holes on the hard drive. The bracket with the hard drive is placed into the designated slot and connected to the power supply using the connectors.
Installing the Hard Drive’s Cables and CD-ROM
The cable marked with a red stripe is hooked into the IDE connector in motherboard. The other end of the cable is then inserted to the back of the hard drive. The CD-ROM goes through the front of the case and screwed into place. It is important to make sure that it is aligned with the front of the computer case. Power supply is connected to the component using any of the available connectors coming from it and connected the motherboard using the same type of cable used for the hard drive.
Connecting all Other Components and the Peripherals
The audio for the CD drive is inserted into its designated slot in the motherboard. If the wires use their own power connectors, they need to be connected to the power supply. The cover for the computer case is screwed shut. After that, the monitor, keyboard, speakers and other peripherals are attached.