How to Set Up a Home Server
If you have multiple computers that share files, you may wish to set up a home server. You'll be able to access files from any of the computers, and you can store and back up files in a common location. Find out how to set up a home server.
Things You'll Need
- FTP software
- Hard drive
- Computer with Internet access
- Computer to use for server
Make a list of what you'll need to buy. You might have some older equipment around the house to use. You will need a computer, a hard drive, RAM and a reliable networking device.
Set up a router with enough ports to connect to your server and to all of the computers in your home. You may use a wireless router, an Ethernet router or a combo router.
Decide which operating system you will use. Redhat Linux and Microsoft Windows XP are popular choices.
Configure the networking connection on your server with a domain name. This will enable you, or others you allow, to connect to your home server from outside of your home network.
Install an FTP server program such as Serv-U FTP. Set up as many user accounts as you like.
Using your FTP server program, configure the rights for each account. Determine what drives, folders and rights users have access to on your server.
Configure your router's firewall by opening port 21 to your home server.
Test your new server using a secure FTP program such as WS-FTP Pro. You may also use a Web browser.
Tips & Warnings
- Back up the data on your server in using an external hard drive.
- Use a hardware-based firewall like the one that comes with most routers. Make sure unnecessary ports are blocked to prevent hacking.